Category: Chapter 8

Plate 7: Vertebrae of the Human Neck

Fig. 1. A representation of the head and the neck; the latter is composed of seven bones called vertebrae. Fig. 2. Exhibits the first and second vertebrae, with their mode of connexion. The uppermost vertebrae, termed the atlas, from its supporting the globe of the head, has an oval concave surface on either side, a, […]

Plate 8: Bones of the Arm

Fig. 1. a, the humerus; the head, b, is a portion of a sphere, and exhibits an example of the ball and socket, or universal joint; c, the hinge-joint, instanced in the elbow; d, the radius; e, the ulna. The radius belongs more peculiarly to the wrist, being the bone which supports the hand, and […]

Plate 9: The Spine

Fig. 1. The human spine, so named from the series of sharp processes projecting from the posterior part of the vertebrae. The spine consists of seven vertebrae of the neck, distinguished by the perforations in their transverse processes; of twelve belonging to the back, and marked by depressions for the heads of the ribs; and, […]

Plate 10: The Chest, Patella, and Shoulder-blade

Fig. 1. The spine, ribs, and sternum, constitute the frame work of the chest or thorax. Referring, however, to the plate, or to nature, we observe that the ribs are not continued throughout from the spine to the sternum, but intervening cartilages complete the form of the chest, by connecting the end of the first […]

Plate 11: The Hip, Knee and Ankle Joints

Fig. 1. The capsular ligament is here opened in order to show the ligament of the hip, named the round ligament. It allows considerable latitude of motion, at the same time that it is the great safeguard against dislocation. Fig. 2 and 4. The crucial or internal ligaments of the knee-joint arise from each side […]